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USGS - science for a changing world

Global Land Cover Characterization

LP DAAC Data Products

Global Land Cover Characterization Project

Publications Summary  

Papers prepared by project staff:

2000

Defries, R., Hansen, M., Townshend, J., Janetos, A., and Loveland, T.R., 2000.A Global 1km Data Set of Percent Tree Cover Data Derived from Remote Sensing. Global Change Biology, v. 6, p. 247-254.

Hansen, M. and Reed, B.C., 2000. A Comparison of the IGBP DISCover and University of Maryland Global Land Cover Products. International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 21, no. 6/7, p. 1,365-1,374.

Loveland, T.R., Reed, B.C., Brown, J.F., Ohlen, D.O., Zhu, J, Yang, L., and Merchant, J.W., 2000. Development of a Global Land Cover Characteristics Database and IGBP DISCover from 1-km AVHRR Data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 21, no. 6/7, p. 1,303-1,330.

1999

Brown, J.F., Loveland, T.R., Ohlen, D.O., Zhu, Z., 1999. The Global Land-Cover Characteristics Database: The Users' Perspective. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 65, no. 9, p. 1,069-1,074.

Estes, J., Belward, A., Loveland, T., Scepan, J., Strahler, A., Townshend, J., and Justice, C., The Way Forward, Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 65, no. 9, p. 1,089-1,093.

Estes, J.E. and Loveland, T.R., 1999. Toward the Use of Remote Sensing and Other Data to Delineate Functional Types in Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems. In Scaling of Trace Gas Fluxes between Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecosystems and the Atmosphere, L. Bouwman, editor. Amsterdam, Elsevier Science Press, p. 123-150.

Loveland, T.R., 1999. A Review of U.S. Interests in Coarse Resolution Satellite Imagery. In Proceedings of the 1998 JRC Space Applications Institute Users Conference, Ispra, Italy, European Commission Joint Research Centre. p.

Loveland, T.R., 1999. Global Land Database for Environmental Analysis. In Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry. John Wiley and Sons, London (in press).

Loveland, T.R., 1999. The Patterns and Characteristics of Global Land Cover. In Spatial Information for Land Use Management, M. Hill and R. Aspinall, eds. Gordon and Breach, London (in press).

Loveland, T.R., and Brown, J.F., 1999. Impacts of Land Cover Legends on Global Land Cover Patterns, In Proceedings of the ASPRS Annual Conference, Portland, Oregon, May, 1999, p. 509-519. (CD-ROM).

Loveland, T.R., Estes, J.E., and Scepan, J., 1999. Introduction: Special Issue on Global Land Cover Mapping and Validation. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 65, no. 9, p. 1011-1012.

Loveland, T.R., Zhu, Z., Ohlen, D.O., Brown, J.F., Reed, B.C., and Yang, L., 1999. An Analysis of the IGBP Global Land-Cover Characterization Process. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 65, no. 9, p. 1021-1032.

Waller, E., and Zhu, Z., Estimating Subpixel Forest Cover With 1-km Satellite Data, 1999. In Proceedings of the Pecora 14 Conference, Demonstrating the Value of Satellite Imagery, Denver, Colorado, December, 1999, p. 419-426 (CR-ROM).

Zhu, Z., Waller, E., Davis, R., and Lorenzini, M., 1999. Forest Cover Mapping for the Forest Resources Assessment 2000 of the Food and Agriculture Organization. In Proceedings of the ASPRS Annual Conference, Portland, Oregon, May, 1999, p. 520-525. (CD-ROM).

1998

Ahern, F, Belward, A., Churchill, P., Davis, R., Janetos, A., Justice, C., Loveland, T., Malingreau, J.P., Maiden, M., Skole, D., Taylor, V., Yasouka, Y., and Zhu, Z., 1998. A Strategy for Global Observation of Forest Cover. Committee on Earth Observing Satellites, pp. 52.

Brown, J.F., 1998. Mapping Global Grassland Ecosystems: A Comparison of Four Data Sets. In Proceedings of the IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Seattle, Washington, (CD-ROM).

Brown, J.F., Reed, B.C., and Huewe, L.L, 1998. Advanced Strategy for Multi-source Analysis and Visualization in Land Cover Characterization. In Proceedings of the Pecora 13 Symposium, Human Interactions with the Environment: Perspectives from Space, August, 1996, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, p. 367-382 (CD-ROM).

Loveland, T.R. and Belward, A.S.,1998. The International Geosphere Biosphere Programme Data and Information System Global Land Cover Data Set (DISCover): Acta Astronautica, v. 41, no. 4 -10, p. 681-689.

Loveland, T.R., Ohlen, D.O., Brown, J.F., Reed, B.C., Zhu, Z., Yang, L., and Merchant, J.W., 1998. Western Hemisphere Land Cover: Progress Toward a Global Land Cover Characteristics Data Base. In Proceedings of the Pecora 13 Symposium, Human Interactions with the Environment: Perspectives from Space, August, 1996, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, p. 32-41 (CD-ROM).

Steyaert, L.T. and Loveland, T.R., 1998. Applications of the USGS 1-Km AVHRR Land Cover Characteristics Data Base in Land Surface Process Research: Lessons Learned. In Proceedings of the Pecora 13 Symposium, Human Interactions with the Environment: Perspectives from Space, August, 1996, Sioux Falls, South Dakota, p. 49-57, (CD-ROM).

Yang, L., Wylie, B.K., Tieszen, L.L., and Reed, B.C., 1998. An Analysis of Relationships among Climate Forcing and Time-Integrated NDVI of Grasslands over the U.S. Northern and Central Great Plains, Remote Sensing of the Environment, v. 65, p. 25-37.

Zhu, Z., 1998. Using the USGS Global Land Cover Database to Support the FAO Global Forest Survey. In Proceedings of the Seventh Biennial USDA Forest Service Remote Sensing Applications Conference. American Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Bethesda, MD. p. 210-217.

1997

Loveland, T.R. and Belward, A.S., 1997. The IGBP-DIS Global 1 km Land Cover Data Set, DISCover First Results. International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 18, no. 5, p. 3,289-3,295.

Reed, B.C., 1997. Applications of the U.S. Geological Survey's global land cover product: Acta Astronautica, v. 41, no. 4 -10, p. 671-680.

Reed, B.C. and Sayler, K., 1997. A Method for Deriving Phenological Metrics from Satellite Date, Colorado 1991-1995. In Impact of Climate Change and LandUse in the Southwestern United States, an electronic workshop. (http://geochange.er.usgs.gov/sw/impacts/biology/Phenological?CO/).

Reed, B.C. and Yang, L., 1997. Seasonal Vegetation Characteristics of the United States. Geocarto International, v. 12, no. 2, p. 65-71.

Steyaert, L.T., Loveland, T.R., and Parton, W.J., 1997. Land Cover Characterization and Land Surface Parameterization Research. Ecological Applications, v. 7, no. 1, p. 1-2.

Steyaert, L.T., Hall, F.G., and Loveland, T.R., 1997. Land Cover Mapping, Fire Regeneration, and Scaling Studies in the Canadian Boreal Forest with 1-km AVHRR and Landsat TM Data. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 102, no. D24, p. 29,581-29,598.

Tieszen, L.T., Reed, B.C., Bliss, N., and Wylie, B., DeJong, D.D., 1997. NDVI, C3 and C4 Production, and Distributions in Great Plains Grassland Land Cover Classes. Ecological Applications, v. 7, no. 1, p. 59-78.

1996

Belward, A.S., 1996. (editor). The IGBP-DIS Global 1 km Land Cover Data Set (DISCover): Proposal and Implementation Plans. IGBP-DIS Working Paper No. 13, IGBP-DIS Office, Meteo-France, 42 Av. G. Coriolis , F-31057 Toulouse, France. Pp. 61 (Chapters 3 and 4 authored by Loveland).

Belward, A.S. and Loveland, T.R., 1996. The DIS 1 Km Land Cover Data Set. IGBP Global Change Newsletter, no. 27 p. 7-9.

Eidenshink, J.C. and Loveland, T.R., 1996. Wildland Fire Danger Assessment, In U.S. Geological Survey Yearbook: 1995, p. 13.

Lauer, D.T. and Eidenshink, J.E., 1996. Mapping the Global Land Surface Using 1-KM AVHRR Data, In Proceedings: 47th International Astronautical Congress (IAF-96-B.4.04), Paris, France, p. 1-10.

O'Connor, R.J., Jones, M.T., White, D., Hunsaker, C., Loveland, T.R., Jones, B., and Preston, E., 1996. Spatial Partitioning of Environmental Correlates of Avian Biodiversity in the Lower Unites States. Biodiversity Letters, v. 3, no. 4, p. 97-110.

Ohlen, D.O., Loveland, T.R., Merchant, J.M., and Reed, B.C., 1996. Progress on the Development of a 1-km Global Land Cover Data Base. In Proceedings of the 19th Annual Applied Geography Conference, University of North Texas, Denton, Texas, v. 19, p. 281-287.

Reed, B.C., Loveland, T.R., and Tieszen, L.L., 1996. An Approach for Using AVHRR Data to Monitor U.S. Great Plains Grasslands. GeoCarto International, v. 11, n. 3, p. 13-22.

Steyaert, L.T., 1996. Status of Land Data for Environmental Modeling and Challenges for Geographic Information Systems in Land Characterization. In GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues, M.F. Goodchild, L.T. Steyaert, B.O. Parks, C. Johnston, D. Maidment, M. Crane, and S. Glendinning, eds. Fort Collins, CO, GIS World, p. 17-27.

Vidale, P.L., Pielke, R.A., Barr, A., and Steyaert, L.T., 1996. Case Study Modeling of Turbulent and Mesoscale Fluxes Over the BOREAS Region. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 103, no D24, pp. 29.

Yang, L., Zhu, Z., Izaurralde, J.A., and Merchant, J. W., 1996. Evaluation of North and South America AVHRR 1-km Data for Global Environmental Modeling. In Proceedings of the Third International Conference/Workshop on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling, Santa Fe, NM, National Center for Geographic Information and Analysis, Santa Barbara, CA (CD-ROM).

Zhu, Z., Ohlen, D.O., Czaplewski, R.L., and Burgan, R.E., 1996. An Alternative Method for Validation of the Seasonal Land Cover Regions of the Conterminous United States. In Proceedings of the Second International Symposium on Spatial Accuracy Assessment in Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report RM-GTR-277, Fort Collins, CO, p. 409-418.

Zhu, Z., and Yang, L., 1996. Characteristics of the North America 1-km AVHRR Data Set. International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 17, n. 10, p. 1915-1924.

1995

Belward A. S., and Loveland., T., 1995. The IGBP?DIS 1km Land Cover Project: Remote Sensing in Action. In Proceedings, 21st Annual Conference of the Remote Sensing Society, Nottingham, UK, p. 1099-1106.

Loveland, T., and Belward, A. S., 1995. The use of AVHRR data for creation of a new global land cover product for IGBP?DIS. In Proceedings of the Meteorological Satellite Data Users' Conference. EUMETSAT, Darmstadt, Germany, p. 117-184.

Loveland, T.R., Merchant, J.W., Reed, B.C., Brown, J.F., Ohlen, D.O., Olson. P., and Hutchinson, J., 1995. Seasonal Land Cover Regions of the United States, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, v. 85, n. 2, p. 339-355.

Loveland, T.R. and Hutcheson, H.L., 1995. Monitoring Changes in United States Landscapes from Satellite Imagery: Status and Future Possibilities, In Our Living Resources, E.T. LaRoe, G.S. Farris, C.E. Puckett, P.D. Doran, and M.J. Mac, editors. Washington, D.C., National Biological Survey, p. 468-473.

Running, S.W., Loveland, T.R., Pierce, L.L., R.R. Nemani, and Hunt, E.R., 1995. A Remote Sensing Based Vegetation Classification Logic for Global Land Cover Analysis, Remote Sensing of Environment, v. 51, p. 39-48.

Tieszen, L.T., Cambardella, C., Kindscher, K., Schimel, D., and Reed, B.C., 1995. Assessment of Climate and Management Induced Directional Changes in Great Plains Vegetation with NDVI and Stable Carbon Isotopes. In Annual Report to the U.S. Department of Energy.Washington, D.C., National Institute for Global Environmental Change, p. 46-49.

Vanderzee, D., and Ehrlich, D., 1995. Sensitivity of ISODATA to Changes in Sampling Procedures and Processing Parameters When Applied to AVHRR Time-Series NDVI Data, International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 16, no. 4, p. 673-686.

Zelt, R.B., J.F. Brown, and M.S. Kelley, 1995. Validation of National Land Cover Characteristics Data for Regional Water-Quality Assessment. Geocarto International, v. 10, n. 4, p. 69-80.

1994

Lauer, D.T. and Bliss, N.B., 1994. Global Land Data Sets for Environmental Monitoring, In Proceedings of the 45th Congress of the International Astronautical Federation (IAA-94-IAA.3.3.649), Paris, France, p. 1-11.

Loveland, T.R., 1994. Building a Global Land-Cover Characteristics Database, In U.S. Geological Survey Yearbook: Fiscal Year 1993, p. 12-13.

Merchant, J.W., Yang, L., and Yang, W., 1994. Validation of Continental-Scale Land Cover Data Bases Developed from AVHRR Data, In Proceedings: Pecora 12 Symposium on Land Information from Space-Based Systems, American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Bethesda, MD p. 63-72.

Olson, J.S., 1994. Global Ecosystem Framework: Definitions. USGS EROS Data Center Internal Report, Sioux Falls, SD, 37 p.

Olson, J.S., 1994. Global Ecosystem Framework: Translation Strategy. USGS EROS Data Center Internal Report, 39 p.

Reed, B.C., Brown, J.F., VanderZee, D., Loveland, T.R., Merchant, J.W., and Ohlen, D.O., 1994. Variability of Land Cover Phenology in the United States, Journal of Vegetation Science, v. 5, p. 703-714.

Reed, B.C., Loveland, T.R., Steyaert, L.T., Brown, J.F., Merchant, J.W., and Ohlen, D.O., 1994. Designing Global Land Cover Databases to Maximize Utility, In Environmental Information Management and Analysis: Ecosystem to Global Scales, W.K. Michener, J.W. Brunt, and S.G. Stafford, editors: London, Francis and Taylor, p. 299-314.

Running, S.W., Loveland, T.R., and Pierce, L.L., 1994. A Vegetation Classification Logic Based on Remote Sensing for Use in Global Biogeochemical Models, Ambio, v. 23, n. 1, p. 77-81.

Seevers, P.H., Reed, B.C., Lethcoe, K.J., Ohlen, D.O., Van Beek, C.K., Yang, L., Qui, Z., and Liu, Y., 1994. Land Cover Characterization from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Composites of the United States and People's Republic of China, In Proceedings: ISPRS Commission VI Symposium, International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Beijing, China, p. 122-128.

Steyaert, L.T., Loveland, T.R., Brown, J.F., and Reed, B.C., 1994. Integration of Environmental Simulation Models with Satellite Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems Technologies: Case Studies, In Proceedings: Pecora 12 Symposium on Land Information from Space-Based Systems, American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Bethesda, MD, p. 407-417.

1993

Brown, J.F., Loveland, T.R., Merchant, J.W., Reed, B.C., and Ohlen, D.O., 1993. Using Multisource Data in Global Land Characterization: Concepts, Requirements, and Methods, Photogrammetric Enginneering and Remote Sensing, v. 59, no. 6, p. 977-987.

Loveland, T.R., Ohlen, D.O., Brown, J.F., Reed, B.C., Merchant, J.W., and Steyaert, L.T., 1993. Prototype 1990 Conterminous United States Land Cover Characteristics Data Set CD-ROM, USGS CD-ROM Set 9307.

Loveland, T. R. and Scholz, D. K., 1993. Global Data Set Development and Distribution Programs of the EROS Data Center, In Proceedings of American Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA, v. 2, p. 204-211.

Loveland,T.R. and Ohlen, D.O., 1993. Experimental AVHRR Land Data Sets for Environmental Modelling, In M.F. Goodchild, B.O. Parks, and L.T. Steyaert, editors, Environmental Modeling and GIS: New York, Oxford University Press, p. 379-385.

Steyaert, L.T., Loveland, T.R., Merchant, J.W., Brown, J.F., and Reed, B.O., 1993. Prototype Small Scale Land Cover Characteristics Data Base Developed by the U.S. Geological Survey (extended abstract), In Report of the Proceedings of the Colloquium and Workshop on Multiscale Coupled Modeling, NASA Conference Publication 3217, Greenbelt, MD, p. 31.

1992

Loveland, T.R., 1992. A Strategy for Large-Area Land Characterization: The Conterminous United States Example, In Proceedings of the U.S. Geological Survey Global Change Research Forum, Herndon, Virginia, J. A. Kelmelis and M. Snow, editors, USGS Circular 1086, p. 63-67.

1991

Lauer, D., Goodchild, M., Steyaert L., and Kuhn, W., 1991. Global Change Opportunities for GIS: A Panel Discussion on (1) A Strategy for Large?Area Land Characterization: the Conterminous U.S. Example, (2) Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling at Global Scales, (3) Using GIS for Land Surface Monitoring in Global Change Research, and (4) Integrating Diverse Data Sets for Policymakers, In Proceedings of the GIS/LIS '91 Conference, Atlanta, Georgia, October 1991, v. 1, p. 128-129.

Loveland, T.R., Merchant, J.W., Ohlen, D.O., and Brown, J.F., 1991. Development of a Land Cover Characteristics Data Base for the Conterminous U.S., Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 57, n. 11, p. 1,453-1,463.

Sturdevant, J.S., Eidenshink, J.C., and Loveland, T.R., 1991. Organizations Challenged by Global Database Development. GIS World, v. 4, no. 9, p. 73-79.

Papers prepared for publication by external authors on U.S. and global data set characteristics and applications:

2000

Dobson, J.E., Bright, E.A., Coleman, P.R., Durfee, R.C., and Worley, B.A., 2000. LandScan: A Global Population Database for Estimating Populations at Risk. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 66, no. 7, p. 849-858.

Gutman, G., Csiszar, I., and Romanov, P., 2000. Using NOAA/AVHRR Products to Monitor El Nino Impacts: Focus on Indonesia in 1997-98. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, v. 81, no. 6, p. 1,189-1,203.

Riitters, K.H., Wickham, J.D., O'Neill, R.V., Jones, K.B., and E.R. Smith.  2000.  Global-scale patterns of forest fragmentation.  Conservation Ecology 4(2): 3. [online] URL: http://www.consecol.org/vol4/iss2/art3

Schulze, R.E., 2000. Modelling Hydrological Responses to Land Use and Climate Change: A Southern African Perspective. Ambio, v. 29, no. 1, p. 12-22.

1999

Belward, A.S., Estes, J.E., and Kline, K.D., 1999. The IGBP-DIS Global 1-Km Land-Cover Data Set DISCover: A Project Overview. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 65, no. 9, p. 1,013-1,020.

DeFries, R.S. and Los, S.O., 1999. Implications of Land-Cover Misclassification for Parameter Estimates in Global Land-Surface Models: An Example from the Simple Bioshpere Model (SiB2). Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 65, no. 9, p. 1,083-1,088.

Husak, G.J., Hadley, B.C., and McGwire, K.C., 1999. Landsat Thematic Mapper Registration Accuracy and its Effects on the IGBP Validation. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 65, no. 9, p. 1,033-1039.

Kelly, M., Estes, J.E., and Knight, K.A., 1999. Image Interpretation Keys for Validation of Global Land-Cover Data Sets. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 65, no. 9, p. 1041-1049.

Muchoney, D., Strahler, A., Hodges, J., and LoCastro, J., 1999. The IGBP DISCover Confidence Sites and the System for Terrestrial Ecosystem Parameterization: Tools for Validating Global Land-Cover Data. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 65, no. 9, p. 1061-1067.

Scepan, J., 1999. Thematic Validation of High-Resolution Global Land-Cover Data Sets, Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 65, no. 9, p. 1051-1060.

Scepan, J., Menz, G., and Hansen, M.C., 1999. The DISCover Validation Image Interpretation Process. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 65, no. 9, p. 1075-1081.

Ramankutty, N., and Foley, J.A., 1999. Estimating Historical Changes in Global Land Cover: Croplands from 1700 to 1992. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, v. 13, no. 4. p. 997-1027.

1998

Costanza, R., d'Arge, R., de Groot, R., Farber, S., Grasso, M., Hannon, B., Naeem, S., Limburg, K., Paruelo, J., O'Neill, R., Raskin, R., Sutton, P., van den Belt, M., 1997. The Value of the World's Ecosystem Services and Natural Capital. Nature, v. 387, no. 6630, pp. 253.

Eastman, J.L., Pielke, R.A., and McDonald, D.J., 1998. Calibration of Soil Moisture for Large-Eddy Simulations over the FIFE Area. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, v. 55, no. 7, pp. 1131.

White, D., Preston, E.M., Freemark, K.E., and Kiester, A. R., 1998. A Hierarchical Framework For Conserving Biodiversity. In Landscape Ecological Analysis: Issues And Applications. J. M. Klopatek and R. H. Gardner, editors. New York: Springer-Verlag (in press).

1997

Fennessy, M., and Xue, Y., 1997. Impact of USGS Vegetation Map on GCM Simulations Over the United States. Ecological Applications, v. 7, no. 1, p. 22-33.

Friedl, M.A. and Brodley, C.E., 1997. Decision Tree Classification of Land Cover from Remotely Sensed Data. Remote Sensing of Environment. v. 61, no. 3, p. 399-407.

Kinnee, E., Geron, C., and Pierce, T., 1997. United States Land Use Inventory for Estimating Biogenic Ozone Precursor Emissions. Ecological Applications, v. 7, no. 1, p. 46-58.

Nemani, R., and Running, S.W., 1997. Land Cover Characterization Using Multitemporal Red, Near-IR, and Thermal-IR Data from NOAA/AVHRR. Ecological Applications, v. 7, no. 1, p. 79-90.

Pielke, R. Lee, T.J., Copeland, J.H., Eastman, J.L., Ziegler, C.L., and Finley, C.A., 1997. The Use of USGS Land Surface Data Sets to Improve Weather and Climate Simulations. Ecological Applications, v. 7, no. 1, p. 3-21.

Shaw, B.L., Pielke, R.A., and Ziegler, C.L., 1997. A Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulation of a Great Plains Dryline. Monthly Weather Review, V. 125, No. 7, pp. 1489-1506.

1996

Bromberg, J.G., McKeown, R., Knapp, L., Kittel, T.G.F., Ojima, D.S., and Schimel, D.S., 1996. Integrating GIS and the CENTURY Model to Manage and Analyze Data. In GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues, M.F. Goodchild, L.T. Steyaert, B.O. Parks, C. Johnston, D. Maidment, M. Crane, and S. Glendinning, editors. Fort Collins, CO, GIS World Books, p. 429-431.

Carr, D.B. and Olson, A.R., 1996. Simplifying Visual Appearance by Sorting: An Example using 159 AVHRR Classes. Statistical Computing and Graphics Newsletter, April, p. 13-18.

Copeland, J. H., 1996. Impact of Soil Moisture and Vegetation Distribution on Climate as Revealed by a Regional Climate Model. Ph.D. Dissertation. Atmospheric Science Department Paper 574. Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO.

Copeland, J.H., Pielke, R.A. and Kittel, T.G.F., 1996. Potential Climatic Impacts of Vegetation Change: A Regional Modeling Study. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 101, p. 7409-7418.

Guenther, A., 1996. Seasonal and Spatial Variations in Natural Volatile Organic Compound Emissions. Ecological Applications, v. 7, no. 1, p. 34-45.

Kittel, T.G.F., Ojima, D.S., Schimel, D.S., Bromberg, J., Giorgi, F.G., and Parton, W.J. 1996. Vulnerability of United States Ecosystems to Potential Climate Change. In GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues, M.F. Goodchild, L.T. Steyaert, B.O. Parks, C. Johnston, D. Maidment, M. Crane, and S. Glendinning, editors. Fort Collins, CO, GIS World, p. 293-297.

Lee, T.J., and Pielke, R.A., 1996. GIS and Atmospheric Modeling: A Case Study. In GIS and Environmental Modeling: Progress and Research Issues, M.F. Goodchild, L.T. Steyaert, B.O. Parks, C. Johnston, D. Maidment, M. Crane, and S. Glendinning, editors. Fort Collins, CO, GIS World Books, p. 239-242.

Seth, A. and F. Giorgi, 1996. Three?Dimensional Model Study of Organized Mesoscale Circulations Induced by Vegetation. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 101, No. D/3, pp. 7371.

Stoms, D.M., 1996. Use of Maplets for Validation of Land Cover Classifications of Southern California. GeoCarto International, v. 11, no. 2, pp. 87.

Ziegler, C.L., Lee, T.J., and Pielke, R.A., 1996. Simulations of Deep, Moist Convection at the Dryline with a 3-D Mesoscale Model. In Proceedings of the 18th Conference on Severe Local Storms, San Francisco. American Meteorological Society, p. 273-277.

Ziegler, C.L., Lee, T.J., and Pielke, R.A., 1996. Convective Initiation at the Dryline: A Modeling Study. Monthly Weather Review, v. 125, no. 6, pp. 1001.

1995

Guenther, A., Zimmerman, P., and Wildermuth, M., 1995. Natural Volatile Organic Compound Emission Rate Estimates for U.S. Woodland Landscapes. Atmospheric Environment, v. 28, no. 6, p. 1,197-1,210.

Lakhtakia, M.N., Miller, D.A., White, R.A.,and Smith, C.B., 1995. GIS as an Integrative Tool in Climate and Hydrology Modeling. In Proceedings of the Second Conference/Workshop on Integrating Geographic Information Systems and Environmental Modeling. Breckenridge, CO, 1993, p. 309-312.

Lee, T.J., Pielke, R.A., and Mielke, P.W., Jr., 1995. Modeling the Clear-Sky Surface Energy Budget During FIFE 1987. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 100, p. 25,585-25,593.

Lee, T.J., and Pielke, R.A., 1995. GIS and Atmospheric Modeling: a Case Study. In Proceedings of the Second Conference/Workshop on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling, Breckenridge, Colorado, 1993, p. 239-242.

Pielke, R.A., Baron, J., Chase, T., Copeland, J., Kittel, T.G.F., Lee, T.J., Walko, R. and Zeng, X., 1995. Use of Mesoscale Models for Simulation of Seasonal Weather and Climate Change for the Rocky Mountain States. In Proceedings of the Second International Conference/Workshop on Integrating GIS and Environmental Modeling, Breckenridge, Colorado, 1993, p. 99-104.

Shaw, B., 1995. The Effect Of Soil Moisture And Vegetation Heterogeneity On A Great Plains Dryline: A Numerical Study. M.S. Thesis, Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, 93 p.

Wickham, J.D., Wade, T.G., Jones, K.B., Riiters, K.H., and O'Neil, R.V., 1995. Diversity of Ecological Communities of the United States, Vegetatio, v. 119, p. 91-100.

Xue, Y., Fennessy, M.J., and Sellers, P.J., 1995. Impact of Vegetation Properties on U.S. Summer Weather Prediction. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 101, no. D/3, pp. 7419.

1994

Burke, I.C., Lauenroth, W.K., Parton, W.J., and Cole, C.V., 1994. Interactions of Land Use and Ecosystem Structure and Function: A Case Study in the Central Great Plains. In P. Groffman and G. Likens, editors, In Integrated Regional Models: Interactions Between Humans and Their Environment. Chapman and Hall: New York.

Lakhtakia, M.N., Lario, A.M., and Carlson, T.N., 1994. Initialization of Soil-Water Content for Real-Time Simulations with the Penn State/NCAR Mesoscale Model. In Preprints 10th Congress on Numerical Weather Prediction, 1994. Portland, Oregon. p. 428-429.

Lathrop, R.G., Jr., and Bognar, J.A., 1994. Development and Validation of AVHRR-Derived Regional Forest Data for the North-Eastern U.S., International Journal of Remote Sensing, v. 15, no. 13, p. 2,695-2,702.

Lee, T.J. and Pielke, R.A., 1994. The Impact of Vegetation on Convective Storms. In Preprints, 21st Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, American Meteorological Society, Boston, 1994, San Diego, California, p. 299-302.

Lee, T.J. and Pielke, R.A., 1994. Attempting an Explicit Simulation of a Supercell Storm. In Preprints, 6th Conference on Mesoscale Processes, American Meteorological Society, Boston, 1994, Portland, Oregon, p. 594-595.

Pielke, R.A., Lee, T.J., Kittel, T.G.F., Chase, T.N., Cram, J.M., and Baron, J.S., 1994. Effects of Mesoscale Vegetation Distributions in Mountainous Terrain on Local Climate. In Mountain Environments in Changing Climates, M. Beniston, Ed., Routledge Publishing Company, London and New York, p. 121-135.

Seth, A., 1994. Land Surface Heterogeneity in 3-Dimensional Atmospheric Simulations. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 147 p.

Smith, C.B., M.N. Lakhtakia, W.J. Capehart, and T.N. Carlson, 1994. Initialization of Soil-Water Content in Regional-Scale Atmospheric Prediction Models, Bulletin of the American Meteorology Society, v. 75, p. 585-593.

Wade, G., Mueller, R., Cook, P., and Doraiswamy, P., 1994. AVHRR Map Products for Crop Condition Assessment: A Geographic Information System Approach, Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 60, no. 9, p. 1145-1150.

1993

DeFusco, R.P., 1993. Modeling Bird Hazards to Aircraft: A GIS Application Study, Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v. 59, no. 10, p. 1481-1487.

Finley, C.A. and Pielke, R.A., 1993. Possible Effects of Land Use Variability on Atmospheric Mesoscale Circulations and Pollutant Dispersion, In Proceedings of the Conference on Environmental Transport and Dosimetry, American Nuclear Society, Charleston, SC, p. 7-10.

Lee, T.J., Pielke, R.A., Kittel, T.G.F., and Weaver, J.F., 1993. Atmospheric Modeling and its Spatial Representation of Land Surface Characteristics. Environmental Modeling with GIS , M. Goodchild, B. Parks, and L.T. Steyaert, Editors. Oxford University Press, p. 108-122.

Pielke, R.A., Lee, T.J., Kittel, T.G.F., Baron, J.S., Chase, T.N., and Cram, J.M., 1993. The Effect of Mesoscale Vegetation on the Hydrologic Cycle and Regional and Global Climate. In Preprints, Conference on Hydroclimatology: Land-Surface/Atmosphere Interactions on Global and Regional Scales, American Meteorological Society, 1993, Anaheim, California, p. 82-87.

Pielke, R.A., Lee, T.J., Kittel, T.G.F., Cram, J.M., Chase, T.N., Dalu, G.A., and Baron, J.S., 1993. The Effect of Mesoscale Vegetation Distribution on the Hydrologic Cycle and Regional and Global Climate, In Proceedings: Conference on Hydroclimatology, American Meteorological Society, Anaheim, CA, p. 23-29.

Running, S.W., 1993. Representation of Terrestrial Vegetation in Global Models (abstract). Global Change Newsletter of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme, March, 1993.

Smith, C.B., Lakhtakia, M.N., Capehart, W.J., and Carlson, T.N.. 1993. Initialization of Soil-Water Content for Regional-Scale Atmospheric Prediction Models. In Proceedings of the Conference on Hydroclimatology, 73rd American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, Anaheim, CA, p. 24-27.

Turner, D.P., Koerper, G., Gucinski, H., Peterson, C. and Dixon, R.K., 1993. Monitoring Global Change: Comparison of Forest Cover Estimates Using Remote Sensing and Inventory Approaches. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, v. 26, p. 295-305.

1992

Lee, T.J., 1992. The Impact of Vegetation on the Atmospheric Boundary Layer and Convective Storms. Ph.D. Dissertation, Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, 137 p.

Lee, T.J., Pielke, R.A., and Mielke, P.W. Jr., 1992. Optimizing the Land Ecosystem-Atmosphere Feedback Model Using MRBP. In Preprints, 12th Conference on Probability and Statistics, 1992, American Meteorological Society, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, p. 101-104.

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